Brotman Law June 27, 2024 16 min read

Exploring ERTC Audit Defense in Alaska: Essential Strategies for Success

Navigating ERTC Audit Defense in Alaska: Key Strategies for Success

In Alaska, where industries such as energy, fishing, and tourism dominate the economy, the Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC) has served as a vital support for businesses during the COVID-19 crisis. This federal program offers substantial financial aid by providing a refundable tax credit to companies that sustained their workforce despite economic challenges. However, benefiting from the ERTC also means that businesses might face IRS audits. For Alaskan businesses, it is crucial to grasp the details of ERTC compliance to protect against potential audits and ensure continued access to the program's advantages without disruption.

This article will delve into effective ERTC audit defense strategies tailored to Alaska’s unique economic environment, emphasizing the importance of proactive measures and the pivotal role of tax attorneys in managing these intricate processes.

ERTC Fundamentals for Alaska Businesses


The ERTC provides businesses that faced a substantial decline in gross receipts or had their operations fully or partially suspended by government mandate with the opportunity to claim a refundable tax credit. Grasping the exact criteria and ensuring compliance is crucial for maintaining eligibility and defending against audits.

Statewide Orders That May Have Impacted Businesses in Alaska

Below is an overview of ten notable COVID-19 directives issued in Alaska between 2020 and 2021, under the administration of Governor Mike Dunleavy. This summary examines their effects on businesses, particularly concerning potential implications for the Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC) Audit.

  • Emergency Declarations and Health Mandates: Governor’s Health Mandates issued during the COVID-19 pandemic, which included mandates on social distancing, capacity limits, and sanitation protocols. State of Emergency declarations that authorized the implementation of various public health measures and restrictions.
  • Closure of Non-Essential Businesses: Mandates that required the temporary closure of non-essential businesses, including dine-in restaurants, bars, gyms, and personal care services like salons and spas.
  • Travel Restrictions and Quarantine Requirements: Orders requiring travelers entering Alaska to quarantine for a specified period or provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test. Restrictions on interstate and intrastate travel which impacted tourism and business travel.
  • Capacity and Gathering Limits: Restrictions on the number of people allowed in gatherings, both indoor and outdoor, affecting events, conferences, and large venues. Capacity limits for retail stores, restaurants, and other public-facing businesses.
  • Mask Mandates: Statewide and local mandates requiring the use of masks in indoor public spaces and businesses.
  • Workplace Safety Regulations: Enhanced health and safety guidelines for businesses to follow, including social distancing measures, provision of personal protective equipment (PPE) for employees, and implementation of hygiene protocols.
  • Remote Work and Telecommuting Encouragement: Recommendations and, in some cases, requirements for businesses to enable remote work and telecommuting where possible to reduce the spread of COVID-19.
  • School and Childcare Closures: Temporary closures of schools and childcare facilities, impacting parents and guardians who had to adjust work schedules or stay home.
  • Economic Relief Measures: Implementation of state-administered relief programs to support businesses, including grants, loans, and other financial assistance packages.
  • Restrictions on Public Transportation: Limits on the capacity and operations of public transportation services, affecting commute times and accessibility for employees.


These statewide orders were aimed at controlling the spread of COVID-19 but had significant impacts on businesses across various sectors in Alaska. Make sure to document these orders and how they impacted your business in order to support your ERTC claim in an audit. 

Impact of COVID-19 on Alaska's Economy

The COVID-19 pandemic has left a distinct mark on Alaska's economy, with each major city experiencing unique challenges that directly influenced local businesses and their eligibility for the Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC).

  • Juneau: As Alaska's capital, Juneau hosts a significant number of government offices and service providers. The pandemic led to varying restrictions on these public entities, which in turn affected the many businesses that rely on the regular influx of public employees and officials. The disruptions caused extended periods of reduced operation, directly impacting revenue and complicating the retention of employees—a key factor for ERTC claims.
  • Anchorage: Known as the commercial heart of Alaska, Anchorage faced profound challenges due to shifts in both local and global economic activities. The downturn in air travel and freight movements, critical components of Anchorage’s economy, had cascading effects on everything from logistics companies to the hospitality sector. These factors necessitated comprehensive documentation for businesses claiming the ERTC, as they had to demonstrate substantial interruptions to their operations.
  • Fairbanks: Heavily dependent on both tourism and the university sector, Fairbanks saw a significant reduction in its economic activities due to the pandemic. Travel restrictions severely curtailed tourist arrivals, and the shift to online learning at the University of Alaska Fairbanks diminished the usual bustling campus-related commerce. Businesses in Fairbanks had to navigate these substantial changes, which affected their staffing needs and overall financial health, factors crucial for successful ERTC audits.

These city-specific impacts in Alaska are crucial for local businesses to document thoroughly as they relate directly to ERTC eligibility and potential audit triggers. Understanding the unique economic impacts on each city helps businesses prepare and substantiate their ERTC claims, ensuring they meet the stringent requirements set forth for this critical financial support measure.

Common Triggers for IRS ERTC Audits in Alaska

The IRS may initiate audits on ERTC claims based on several factors, which businesses in Alaska should be particularly aware of to ensure compliance and preparedness:

  • Inconsistencies Between ERTC Claims and Other Financial Disclosures: If there are discrepancies between the data provided in ERTC claims and other financial documents such as tax returns, payroll records, or financial statements, it can raise red flags. Accurate and consistent documentation is crucial to avoid triggering an audit.
  • Excessive Claims Relative to Business Size and Industry Norms: Claims that appear disproportionately large compared to the typical size of the business or industry standards may prompt further scrutiny. The IRS looks for outliers that may indicate erroneous or fraudulent claims. Businesses must ensure that their ERTC claims are reasonable and well-supported by accurate records.
  • Random Audits as Part of Routine IRS Compliance Checks: Even if a business's claims are consistent and reasonable, it may still be selected for a random audit as part of the IRS's routine compliance checks. This highlights the importance of maintaining thorough and organized documentation for all ERTC claims, as any business can be audited regardless of its initial compliance.


Understanding these common triggers can help Alaska businesses better prepare for potential ERTC audits. By maintaining meticulous records and ensuring all claims are consistent and reasonable, businesses can minimize the risk of triggering an audit and be better positioned to defend their claims if audited.


Proactive Strategies for Audit Readiness

To minimize the likelihood and impact of audits, Alaska businesses should adopt proactive strategies:

  • Routine Record Audits: Conduct regular reviews of all ERTC-related documentation for completeness and accuracy.
  • Continuous Legal and Financial Advisory: Engage with tax professionals to stay informed about the latest ERTC guidelines and tax law changes.
  • Mock Audit Drills: Implement practice audits to identify any potential weaknesses in the audit trail that could be flagged by the IRS.


The Importance of Tax Attorneys in Navigating ERTC Audit Processes

Tax attorneys play a crucial role in Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC) audit processes for Alaska business owners. These professionals possess specialized knowledge in tax law and audit procedures, enabling them to effectively navigate the complexities of ERTC claims and compliance. For Alaskan businesses, which may face unique economic challenges and regulatory environments, tax attorneys provide invaluable assistance by ensuring accurate documentation, advising on eligibility criteria, and representing businesses during IRS audits. Their expertise helps mitigate the risk of penalties and ensures that businesses can confidently claim the ERTC benefits they are entitled to, ultimately supporting financial stability and growth in the Alaskan market.

Cultivating a Compliance-Focused Culture

Promoting a culture that prioritizes thorough documentation and strict adherence to tax laws can greatly aid in mitigating audit risks. This involves training employees, regularly updating compliance protocols, and employing effective internal controls.

Conclusion: Ensuring ERTC Compliance in Alaska

For Alaska businesses, effectively managing ERTC claims is about more than securing immediate financial relief; it's about ensuring long-term compliance and preparedness for potential IRS scrutiny. By understanding the local economic conditions, maintaining detailed and accurate records, and working closely with experienced tax attorneys, businesses can not only successfully navigate ERTC audits but also position themselves for sustained growth in Alaska’s unique economic environment.

"Sam is a wonderful, results-oriented and extremely knowledgeable and talented attorney, who really has 'heart' in working on behalf of his clients, and explains options in a straightforward, respectful manner. He has assisted us with great outcomes which have added to our quality of life. I would not hesitate to recommend Sam for his services as he is an ethical, personable and expert attorney in his field. You will likely not be disappointed with Sam's work ethic, approach and his efforts."

-Aileen Dwight, Licensed Clinical Social Worker & Psychotherapist

Last updated: July 8, 2024

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