We have talked about how tax liens are handled by the Franchise Tax Board and the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration in past blog posts. Now we would like to take up the final taxing authority you deal with as a business owner in the state of California: the Employment Development Department, or EDD.
To lead into this article, let's start with the definition of what this agency is responsible for.
The California Employment Development Department (EDD) is the largest tax agency in California and the largest state department. It is responsible for administering and collecting payroll tax, unemployment, and state disability insurance for California employees. The collection offices are often based locally and contact customers, vendors, and other third parties.
What can it do? The EDD can levy bank accounts, redirect incoming accounts receivables, file liens, and seize assets.
All taxing agencies, from the IRS to the Franchise Tax Board can issue tax liens. However, the EDD will accept payment in cash, which the other agencies will not do. That’s a big plus for business owners.
On the minus side, the EDD also files a state lien in every instance of an approved installment agreement with the agency. Any refunds you are to receive from any other state agency will automatically be applied to your unpaid payroll taxes. Furthermore, the EDD has the right to place a lien on any employer who does not submit required payroll taxes. However, it cannot issue a lien for non-payment of income tax or sales tax.
The EDD places liens against:
“…all property rights and rights to property whether real or personal, tangible or intangible, including all subsequent acquired property and rights to property belonging to the taxpayer.”
In other words, pretty much anything and everything you own. The EDD can issue a Notice of Levy on credits or personal property of any delinquent account, active or inactive.
First, the EDD sends out Employer Account Statements when employers owe past due payroll tax or do not submit quarterly or annual reports when they are due. Then, if the employer does not file and pay liabilities, he or she become subject to a state tax lien.
The lien encumbers all property; not just your business or bank accounts but so-called intangible property, meaning property with no physical existence. This includes:
You will be unable to sell or otherwise dispose of any property for funds to pay your past due taxes.
The absolute first thing to do is to contact the EDD at once if you cannot pay the liability in full. Then begin looking into obtaining a commercial loan or other means to pay the tax debt, before the EDD issues a lien.
The California Unemployment Insurance Code does not provide for installment payment agreements. However, if you can show that immediate and full payment of payroll taxes would create a financial hardship and there is no other method of payment available, you can request an installment agreement with the EDD.
A hearing officer will determine if any withholding order should be upheld, modified, or released.
Payment can be made using cash, Cashier’s checks, or money orders. Be aware that if you fail to adhere to all terms of an installment agreement and do not submit all future returns and payments on time, collection actions can and will be initiated immediately. There is no waiting period.
The installment agreement may also be canceled if the EDD discovers you withheld pertinent information.
If you wish to dispute the lien, you must speak with an EDD representative, a supervisor, and an office manager before you can appeal actions to the California Unemployment Insurance Appeals Board (CUIAB). If you do not speak with each of these individuals, the CUIAB will not listen to an appeal.
Prepare to dig out tons of documentation. EDD requests often include years or specific periods where the workers in question were not employed with the company. If you did not keep good records, you are unlikely to be able to prove your case.
The EDD has the authority to levy significant liabilities, which can cripple a business or drive it into insolvency. It has very aggressive deadlines and can issue levies on most financial institutions.
What can happen if you do not pay? The EDD will file liens and seize any property or money it can find belonging to you. The EDD can:
Anything except for your primary residence can be used to enforce or fulfill payment of past-due taxes, interest, and penalties.
Here is how you can get the California Employment Development Department to release any liens it has against your property.
The IRS, California Department of Tax and Fee Administration, Franchise Tax Board, and the California Employee Development Department are all authorized to issue a lien against various types of property to enforce payment of past-due taxes. Although each agency has slightly different processes, requirements, and restrictions, most activities you can undertake to dispute a lien or request its release are fairly similar.
Something else that is similar is the incredible stress you are under as you try to resolve an issue like this. An experienced and knowledgeable tax attorney can take some of that stress away. Please give my office a call at (619) 378-3138 or book a tax action plan if you could use some help with a California EDD payroll tax matter.
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